The planning and development of the Eco-city is guided by a comprehensive set of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) covering its ecological, economic and social development. The KPIs were jointly formulated by experts from Singapore and China and endorsed by the Ministerial-level Eco-city Joint Working Committee. In formulating the KPIs, due consideration was given to the national standards in China and Singapore, and the higher of the two standards was adopted, wherever feasible. Prevailing best international practices and the local conditions in Tianjin were also taken into account.
There are 22 quantitative and 4 qualitative KPIs. The start-up area and the entire Eco-city are targeted for completion by end-2013 and 2020 respectively. It is for this reason that reference is made to these years in the KPIs.
Ambient Air Quality
The air quality in the Eco-city should meet at least China's National Ambient Air Quality Grade II Standard for at least 310 days. The SO2 and NOx content in the ambient air should not exceed the limits stipulated for China's National Ambient Air Quality Grade 1 standard for at least 155 days.
Quality of water bodies within the Eco-city
Water bodies in the Eco-city should meet Grade IV of China's latest national standards by 2020.
Quality of Water from Taps
Water from all taps should be potable.
Noise Pollution Levels
Noise pollution levels must satisfy the stipulated standards for different functional zones.
Carbon Emission Per Unit GDP
Description: The carbon emission per unit GDP in the Eco-city should not exceed 150 tonne-C per US$1 million.
Net Loss of Natural Wetlands
Description: There should be no net loss of natural wetlands in the Eco-city.
Proportion of Green Buildings
Description: All buildings in the Eco-city should meet green building standards.
Native Vegetation Index
Description: At least 70% of the plant varieties in the Eco-city should be native plants/vegetation.
Per Capita Public Green Space
Description: The public green space should be at least 12 square metres per person by 2013.
Per Capita Daily Water Consumption
Description: The daily water consumption per day each person should not exceed 120 litres by 2013.
Per Capita Daily Domestic Waste Generation
Description: The amount of domestic waste generated by each person should not exceed 0.8 kg by 2013.
Proportion of Green Trips
Description: At least 90% of trips within the Eco-city should be in the form of green trips by 2020. Green trips refer to non-motorised transport, i.e. cycling and walking, as well as trips on public transport.
Overall Recycling Rate
Description: At least 60% of total waste should be recycled by 2013.
Access to Free Recreational and Sports Amenities
Description: All residential areas in the Eco-city should have access to free recreational and sports amenities within a walking distance of 500m by 2013.
Description: All hazardous and domestic waste in the Eco-city should be rendered non-toxic through treatment.
Description: The Eco-city should have 100% barrier-free access.
Services Network Coverage
Description: The entire Eco-city will have access to key infrastructure services, such as recycled water, gas, broadband, electricity and heating by 2013.
Proportion of Affordable Public Housing
Description: At least 20% of housing in the Eco-city will be in the form of subsidised public housing by 2013.
Usage of Renewable Energy
Description: The proportion of energy utilised in the Eco-city which will be in the form of renewable energy, such as solar and geothermal energy, should be at least 20% by 2020.
Usage of Water from Non-Traditional Sources
Description: At least 50% of the Eco-city's water supply will be from non-traditional sources such as desalination and recycled water by 2020.
Proportion of R&D Scientists and Engineers in the Eco-city Workforce
Description: There should be at least 50 R&D scientists and engineers per 10,000 workforce in the Eco-city by 2020.
Employment-Housing Equilibrium Index
Description: At least 50% of the employable residents in the Eco-city should be employed in the Eco-city by 2013.