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INTRODUCTION

The Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city is the second flagship Government-to-Government project between Singapore and China after the China-Singapore Suzhou Industrial Park. The project was mooted by then-Singapore Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong and then-Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao in April 2007, against the backdrop of rapid urbanisation and increasing global attention on the importance of sustainable development. On 18 November 2007, Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and then-Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao signed a Framework Agreement for Singapore and China to jointly develop the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city.


Vision

The Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city's vision is to be "A thriving city which is socially harmonious, environmentally-friendly and resource-efficient – a model for sustainable development". This vision is underpinned by the concepts of "Three Harmonies" and "Three Abilities".

"Three Harmonies" refers to:

"Three Abilities" refers to the Eco-city being:


Site Selection

The Chinese Government set two criteria for the location of the Eco-city site. First, it should be developed on non-arable land; second, it should be located in an area facing water shortage. Four possible locations for the project were identified – in Baotou (Inner Mongolia), Tangshan (Hebei province), Tianjin Municipality and Urumqi (Xinjiang).

The Tianjin site was eventually selected after a thorough study by Singapore and China, taking into account considerations such as the state of development of the surrounding infrastructure, accessibility and commercial viability.

Site Selection

Location

The Eco-city site is located 40 km from Tianjin city centre and 150 km from Beijing city centre. It is located within the Tianjin Binhai New Area – one of the fastest growing regions in China. The Tianjin Binhai New Area is located in the Bohai Bay Region (which covers Beijing, Tianjin and part of Hebei Province). The Bohai Bay Region was identified as the next growth engine in China, after the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta.

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